We have compiled a list of the references to medical sources used in our website.

Should you wish to pursue this information further, these are very good articles to read in detail.
  1. Le Blanc, K. (2006) ‘Mesenchymal stromal cells: Tissue repair and immune modulation’, Cytotherapy, 8(6), pp. 559–561. doi: 10.1080/14653240601045399.
  2. Human Adipose-Derived stem cells suppress Elastase-Induced Murine abdominal Aortic inflammation and Aneurysm expansion through Paracrine factors (2016) Cell Transplantation, . doi: 10.3727/096368916×692212.
  3. Cuervo, B., Rubio, M., Sopena, J., Dominguez, J., Vilar, J., Morales, M., Cugat, R. and Carrillo, J. (2014) ‘Hip osteoarthritis in dogs: A Randomized study using Mesenchymal stem cells from Adipose tissue and plasma rich in growth factors’, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15(8), pp. 13437–13460. doi: 10.3390/ijms150813437.
  4. Jo, C.H., Lee, Y.G., Shin, W.H., Kim, H., Chai, J.W., Jeong, E.C., Kim, J.E., Shim, H., Shin, J.S., Shin, I.S., Ra, J.C., Oh, S. and Yoon, K.S. (2014) ‘Intra-Articular injection of Mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: A proof-of-concept clinical trial’, STEM CELLS, 32(5), pp. 1254–1266. doi: 10.1002/stem.1634.
  5. Wu, L., Cai, X., Zhang, S., Karperien, M. and Lin, Y. (2013) ‘Regeneration of articular cartilage by adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: Perspectives from stem cell biology and molecular medicine’, Journal of Cellular Physiology, 228(5), pp. 938–944. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24255.
  6. Gibbs, N., Diamond, R., Sekyere, E. and Thomas, W. (2015) ‘Management of knee osteoarthritis by combined stromal vascular fraction cell therapy, platelet-rich plasma, and musculoskeletal exercises: A case series’, Journal of Pain Research, , p. 799. doi: 10.2147/jpr.s92090.
  7. MONTEIRODECASTRO, G. (2004) ‘Th1 and th2 cytokine immunomodulation by gangliosides in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis’, Cytokine, 26(4), pp. 155–163. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2004.02.009.
  8. Diekman, B.O. and Guilak, F. (2013) ‘Stem cell-based therapies for osteoarthritis’, Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 25(1), pp. 119–126. doi: 10.1097/bor.0b013e32835aa28d.
  9. Michalek, J. (2015) ‘Autologous adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction cells application in patients with osteoarthritis’, Cell Transplantation, . doi: 10.3727/096368915×686760.
  10. Pak, J., Lee, J.H. and Lee, S.H. (2013) ‘A novel biological approach to treat Chondromalacia Patellae’, PLoS ONE, 8(5), p. e64569. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064569.
  11. Freitag, J., Bates, D., Boyd, R., Shah, K., Barnard, A., Huguenin, L. and Tenen, A. (2016) ‘Mesenchymal stem cell therapy in the treatment of osteoarthritis: Reparative pathways, safety and efficacy – a review’, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 17(1). doi: 10.1186/s12891-016-1085-9.
  12. Barry, F. and Murphy, M. (2013) ‘Mesenchymal stem cells in joint disease and repair’, Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 9(10), pp. 584–594. doi: 10.1038/nrrheum.2013.109.
  13. Yanai, T. (2005) ‘Repair of large full-thickness articular cartilage defects in the rabbit: THE EFFECTS OF JOINT DISTRACTION AND AUTOLOGOUS BONE-MARROW-DERIVED MESENCHYMAL CELL TRANSPLANTATION’, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – British Volume, 87-B(5), pp. 721–729. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.87b5.15542..
  14. Paz Rodriguez, J., Murphy, M.P., Hong, S., Madrigal, M., March, K.L., Minev, B., Harman, R.J., Chen, C.-S., Timmons, R.B., Marleau, A.M. and Riordan, N.H. (2012) ‘Autologous stromal vascular fraction therapy for rheumatoid arthritis: Rationale and clinical safety’, International Archives of Medicine, 5(1), p. 5. doi: 10.1186/1755-7682-5-5.
  15. The basics of osteoarthritis (2016) Available at: http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/guide/osteoarthritis-basics#1 (Accessed: 20 October 2016).
  16. 2016, S. of V. (2014) Osteoarthritis. Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/osteoarthritis (Accessed: 20 October 2016)
  17. Mayfieldclinic, (2017). Spine Anatomy, Anatomy of the Human Spine. [online] Mayfieldclinic.com. Available at: http://www.mayfieldclinic.com/pe-anatspine.htm [Accessed 9 Mar. 2017].
  18. Spine Health. (2017). Defintion: Bulging vs Herniated Spinal Disc – Alternative Treatments. [online] Available at: http://www.spine-health.com/forum/discussion/7734/treatment/alternative-treatments/defintion-bulging-vs-herniated-spinal-disc [Accessed 9 Mar. 2017].
  19. Modric, J. (2017). Herniated (Extruding, Slipped) Disc; Cervical, Lumbar Radiculopathy | eHealthStar. [online] Ehealthstar.com. Available at: http://www.ehealthstar.com/conditions/bulging-herniated-disc [Accessed 9 Mar. 2017].
  20. info. (2017). Neuropathic Pain. [online] Available at: http://patient.info/health/neuropathic-pain [Accessed 9 Mar. 2017].
  21. Estebe, J. and Atchabahian, A. (2017). The nerve. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, p.1.
  22. Lundborg, G., Gelberman, R., Minteer-Convery, M., Lee, Y. and Hargens, A. (1982). Median nerve compression in the carpal tunnel—Functional response to experimentally induced controlled pressure. The Journal of Hand Surgery, 7(3), pp.252-259.
  23. Vickers, R., Karsten, E., Lilischkis, R. and Flood, J. (2014). A preliminary report on stem cell therapy for neuropathic pain in humans. Journal of Pain Research, p.255.
  24. Sacerdote, P., Niada, S., Franchi, S., Arrigoni, E., Rossi, A., Yenagi, V., de Girolamo, L., Panerai, A. and Brini, A. (2013). Systemic Administration of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells Reverts Nociceptive Hypersensitivity in an Experimental Model of Neuropathy. Stem Cells and Development, 22(8), pp.1252-1263.
  25. Juhl, A., Karlsson, P. and Damsgaard, T. (2016). Fat grafting for alleviating persistent pain after breast cancer treatment: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, 69(9), pp.1192-1202.
  26. (2017). Muscle Strains. [online] Available at: http://www.healthline.com/health/strains [Accessed 8 Mar. 2017].
  27. com. (2017). [online] Available at: https://www.epainassist.com/images/ [Accessed 8 Mar. 2017].
  28. (2017). The Basics of Muscle Strains. [online] Available at: http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/guide/muscle-strain [Accessed 8 Mar. 2017].
  29. Kaariainen, M., Jarvinen, T., Jarvinen, M., Rantanen, J. and Kalimo, H. (2000). Relation between myofibers and connective tissue during muscle injury repair. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 10(6), pp.332-337.
  30. com.au. (2017). Ligament Injury. [online] Available at: http://physioworks.com.au/Injuries-Conditions/Regions/ligament-injury [Accessed 8 Mar. 2017].
  31. Petersen, W. and Tillmann, B. (1999). Structure and vascularization of the cruciate ligaments of the human knee joint. Anatomy and Embryology, 200(3), pp.325-334.
  32. Kamimura, T. and Kimura, M. (2014). Meniscal Repair of Degenerative Horizontal Cleavage Tears Using Fibrin Clots: Clinical and Arthroscopic Outcomes in 10 Cases. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(11).
  33. Solomon, E., Berg, L., Evans, R., King, D., Martin, D., McGill, J., Milne, J. and Panen, M. (2005). Biology. 1st ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Brooks/Cole.
  34. Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: https://www.local-physio.co.uk/sc/content/articles/ [Accessed 9 Mar. 2017].
  35. Condé-Green, A., Marano, A., Lee, E., Reisler, T., Price, L., Milner, S. and Granick, M. (2016). Fat Grafting and Adipose-Derived Regenerative Cells in Burn Wound Healing and Scarring. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 137(1), pp.302-312.
  36. Pitts, J., Al-Sayegh, H., Freeman, M. and Centeno, C. (2015). Anterior cruciate ligament tears treated with percutaneous injection of autologous bone marrow nucleated cells: a case series. Journal of Pain Research, p.437.