What is a Disc Bulge or Herniated Disc?                               

A Disc Bulge or a Herniated Disc can potentially start with an annular tear, this refers to the outer layer of a spinal disc being torn. As this tear occurs, it will cause the fluid to leak out. The disc at this stage will lose its hydration. (Spine Health, 2017)

What is the difference between a herniated disc and a bulging disc?

Bulging
Bulging discs are still contained within the annulus; the leaking fluid will create a small bulge where by the bulge can press on the surrounding nerve.

Herniated
A herniated disc is a traumatic focused injury to the disc, which results in a portion of the nucleus, or inside material, pushing out into a nerve.        (Spine Health, 2017)

discs

(Modric, 2017)

HOW DO STEM CELLS WORK TO TREAT A DISC BULGE OR DISC HERNIATION?

When it comes to treating patients with either disc bulges, disc herniations or neuropathic pain in general, their symptoms are the initial target which show improvements. This specifically relates to the level of pain the patient is suffering from.

The SVF cells have the potential to;

  1. Target and fight off inflammation
  2. Repair damaged nerve cells
  3. Differentiate to the matching tissue type (in this scenario: nerve cells)
  4. Soften scar tissue formation
  5. Re-hydrate bulging discs
    (Condé-Green et al., 2016)  (Wu et al., 2013) (Gibbs et al., 2015) (Jo et al., 2014) (Michalek, 2015)  (Sacerdote et al., 2013) (Vickers et al., 2014)

Treating a Disc Bulge

The cells will home to inflammation surrounding the site of the bulge; these cells will resolve the inflammation surrounding the bulging disc. This will allow your neuropathic pain to decrease.   (Vickers et al., 2014)

The second stage of the cellular repair will apply to a disc which is currently de-hydrated.
These cells are able to re-hydrate the disc; this will cause the bulge to decrease in size.
Almost like flat tire in a vehicle, as the tire is inflated the bulge which appears on the side walls of the tire will decrease.
The decrease of this bulge is able to relieve the physical pressure which has been applied to the nerve causing the inflammation which leads to neuropathic pain.  (Sacerdote et al., 2013)

Treating a Disc Herniation

As stated these, cells will home to and resolve the inflammation surrounding the herniated disc. This will allow your neuropathic pain to decrease.
The disc is able to be re-hydrated; the herniation may decrease in size. The decrease of the herniation will relieve the physical pressure which has been applied to the nerve causing the inflammation which leads to neuropathic pain.
(Vickers et al., 2014)

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